- (b. 1888 d. 1986) American artist, probably
the best known of the illustrators of Mars.
His work onthe book Exploration of Mars,
written by Willy Ley and Wernher von Braun,
captured the dreams of generations of those
interested in the planet. He did numerous
other works about Mars, as well as other space
art and a wide variety of oter illustrations
- Noted author of the Martian Chronicles,
stories about human exploration and colonization
of the red planet which had a powerful impact
on science fiction and world imagination.
Tycho (b. 1546 d. 1601) - one of
the greatest observational astonomers, Brahe's
extremely accurate decades-long observations
of Mars laid the foundation for Johann Kepler's
work on elliptical orbits and the structure
of the solar system.
Edgar Rice (b.1875 d.1950) - author of
the John Carter Warlord of Mars series
of books, as well as others which take place
on the planet. Mixing fantasy and science
fiction, Burroughs increased interest in the
planet, building on popular but fanciful extrapolations
by overeager amateur astronomers lead by Percival
Arthur C. (b.1917) - British -born Sri
Lankan author and scientist who has been a
long-time advocate of Mars exploration. His
book Sands of Mars is seen as one of the first
realistic novels about the planet
- American science fiction author and one of
the masters of the genre. His works about Mars,
juvenile books as well as adult novels, looked
more at Humans than the red planet, but his
enthusiasm, talent and adventurous nature has
inspired both readers and writers ffor decades.
Percival (b.1855 d.1916) - Noted
philanthropist and uneven amateur astronomer
who took Schiaparelli's observations about
canali (Italian for channels) and his own
to extremes. He was the first to envision
Mars as a dry, dying planet with an advanced
civilization. His books on Mars fired the
imagination of the world at the turn of the
century, influencing H.G. Wells and many others.
He was among the first persons to suggest
putting observatories on mountain tops to
improve viewing, and was the first to do so.
(b. 1916 d.1990) - United States Senator (D-Hawaii)
and author who was the first elected official
to advocate cooperation between the Soviet
Union and the United States in space in the
1980's, especially in regards to the exploration
of Mars and the creation of space stations.
Patrick (b.1923) - Though his primary
research interest was in the Moon, Dr. Moore
wrote several science and juvenile science
fiction books about Mars and has been a tireless
advocate of exploration, manned and otherwise,
of the red planet. A former president of the
British Astronmical Association, his thoughts
about Mars are best collected in Patrick
Moore on Mars.
Bruce - Geologist and Planetary Scientist.
Eminent scientist of Mars studies and leading
advocate of Martian exploration. His more
conservative expectations about Mars during
the era of the early probes were also more
accurate than most.
Kim Stanley (b.1952) - Science fiction
author whose series of books on Mars (Red
Mars, Green Mars, Blue Mars) met with
great success and stands as perhaps the most
realistic look at the colonization and terraforming
of Mars in science fiction literature thus
Carl (b.1934 d.1996)
- Astronomer and scientist involved with the
Mariner and Viking missions to Mars. He was
an advocate of extensive searches for primitive
life or evidence of past primitive life on
Mars, while also concerned about contamination
of Mars from the Earth through unsterile probes.
A popular author and speaker, he had and continues
to have a great impact on the popular imagination
of space and its exploration.
Lord Alfred Russell
(b.1823 d.1913 ) - Colleague of Darwin who,
with him, suggested evolution. His short review
of Percival Lowell's books on Mars turned
into a book itself. Wallace was the most visible
early proponent of Mars as a lifeless planet,
one extremely dissimilar to Earth.Though not
as popular in the public imagination as views
of Lowell, Burroughs and Wells, his practical
predictions were borne out by the Mariner
and Viking probes, some 70 years later.
H.G. (b.1866 d.1946) - Along with Jules
Verne, he is considered the father of modern
science fiction. In his work War of the
Worlds (based on the popular non-fiction
works by Percival Lowell), desperate, technologically
advanced Martians attack Earth, and in the
process create the standard alien invasion
story redone with variations for the next
100 years. In turn, his work was adapted some
40 years later by Orson Welles, whose radio
play caused a panic across America the night
before Halloween, 1938.
Robert - A leading advocate of both manned
Mars missions and colonization, Dr. Zubrin's
book The Case for Mars and his efforts
at organizing the Mars Society not only increased
awareness about Mars, but advocated new strategies
for missions that use the resources fo the
planet itself to help sustain and return the